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UE2:Pawn (UT2004)

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UT2004 Object >> Actor >> Pawn
Package: 
Engine
Direct subclasses:
RedeemerWarhead, Scout, UnrealPawn, Vehicle
This class in other games:
RTNP, U1, UT, U2, U2XMP, UE2Runtime, UT2003, UDK, UT3

Pawn, the base class of all actors that can be controlled by players or AI.

Pawns are the physical representations of players and creatures in a level. Pawns have a mesh, collision, and physics. Pawns can take damage, make sounds, and hold weapons and other inventory. In short, they are responsible for all physical interaction between the player or AI and the world.

This is a built-in Unreal class and it shouldn't be modified.

Properties[edit]

Property group 'AI'[edit]

AIScriptTag[edit]

Type: name

tag of AIScript which should be associated with this pawn

Alertness[edit]

Type: float

-1 to 1 ->Used within specific states for varying reaction to stimuli

bAdjacentZoneHearing[edit]

Type: bool

can hear any sound in adjacent zone (if close enough to hear)

bAroundCornerHearing[edit]

Type: bool

Hear sounds around one corner (slightly more expensive, and bLOSHearing must also be true)

bDontPossess[edit]

Type: bool

if true, Pawn won't be possessed at game start

bLOSHearing[edit]

Type: bool


Default value: True

bMuffledHearing[edit]

Type: bool

can hear sounds through walls (but muffled - sound distance increased to double plus 4x the distance through walls

bSameZoneHearing[edit]

Type: bool

can hear any sound in same zone (if close enough to hear)

HearingThreshold[edit]

Type: float

max distance at which a makenoise(1.0) loudness sound can be heard

Default value: 2800.0

PeripheralVision[edit]

Type: float

Cosine of limits of peripheral vision.

SightRadius[edit]

Type: float

Maximum seeing distance.

Default value: 5000.0

Property group 'AnimTweaks'[edit]

BlendChangeTime[edit]

Type: float

time to blend between movement animations

Default value: 0.25

Property group 'Pawn'[edit]

bCanCrouch[edit]

Type: bool

if true, this pawn is capable of crouching

DrivingHeight[edit]

Type: float

CollisionHeight when driving a vehicle

Default value: 20.0

DrivingRadius[edit]

Type: float

CollisionRadius when driving a vehicle

Default value: 22.0

HitFx[edit]

Type: HitFXData

Array size: 8


PitchDownLimit[edit]

Type: int


Default value: 49153

PitchUpLimit[edit]

Type: int


Default value: 18000

SkillModifier[edit]

Type: float

skill modifier (same scale as game difficulty)

Property group 'Shield'[edit]

ShieldStrength[edit]

Type: float

Modifiers: transient

current shielding (having been activated)

Internal variables[edit]

See Pawn internal variables.

Default values[edit]

Property Value
bBlockActors True
bCanBeDamaged True
bCanTeleport True
bCollideActors True
bCollideWorld True
bDirectional True
bDisturbFluidSurface True
bNoRepMesh True
bOwnerNoSee True
bProjTarget True
bRotateToDesired True
bShouldBaseAtStartup True
bStasis True
bTravel True
bUpdateSimulatedPosition True
bUseDynamicLights True
CollisionHeight 78.0
CollisionRadius 34.0
DrawType DT_Mesh
NetPriority 2.0
RemoteRole ROLE_SimulatedProxy
RotationRate
Member Value
Pitch 4096
Roll 3072
Yaw 20000
SoundRadius 160.0
SoundVolume 255
Texture S_Pawn

Structs[edit]

HitFXData[edit]

name Bone 
class<DamageType> damtype 
bool bSever 
Object.Rotator rotDir 

Functions[edit]

Static functions[edit]

StaticPrecache[edit]

static function StaticPrecache (LevelInfo L)


Exec functions[edit]

NextItem[edit]

exec function NextItem ()


SwitchToLastWeapon[edit]

exec function SwitchToLastWeapon ()


Native functions[edit]

ForceCrouch[edit]

native function ForceCrouch ()


Get4WayDirection[edit]

simulated native function int Get4WayDirection ()

Native implementation:

int APawn::Get4WayDirection( void )
{
    float forward, right;
    FVector V;
    int dir;
 
    V = Velocity;
    V.Z = 0.0f;
 
    if ( V.IsNearlyZero() )
		return 0;
 
	FCoords Coords = GMath.UnitCoords / Rotation;
    V.Normalize();
    forward = Coords.XAxis | V;
    if (forward > 0.82f) // 55 degrees
        dir = 0;
    else if (forward < -0.82f)
        dir = 1;
    else
    {
        right = Coords.YAxis | V;
        if (right > 0.0f)
            dir = 3;
        else
            dir = 2;
    }
	return dir;
}

ReachedDestination[edit]

native function bool ReachedDestination (Actor Goal)


SetTwistLook[edit]

simulated native function SetTwistLook (int twist, int look)

Native implementation:

void APawn::SetTwistLook( int twist, int look )
{
    if (!bDoTorsoTwist)
        return;
 
	FRotator r(0,-twist + SmoothViewYaw - Rotation.Yaw,0);
    MeshInstance->SetBoneRotation(RootBone, r, 0, 1.0f);
 
    r.Yaw = -twist / 3;
    r.Pitch = 0;
    r.Roll = look / 4;
    ((USkeletalMeshInstance*)MeshInstance)->SetBoneDirection(HeadBone, r, FVector(0.0f,0.0f,0.0f), 1.0f, 0);
    ((USkeletalMeshInstance*)MeshInstance)->SetBoneDirection(SpineBone1, r, FVector(0.0f,0.0f,0.0f), 1.0f, 0);
    ((USkeletalMeshInstance*)MeshInstance)->SetBoneDirection(SpineBone2, r, FVector(0.0f,0.0f,0.0f), 1.0f, 0);
}

Additionally, the following native code is executed when the Pawn is "ticked" (updated):

void APawn::UpdateTwistLook( float DeltaTime )
{
    if ( !bDoTorsoTwist || (Level->TimeSeconds - LastRenderTime > 0.5f) )
    {
		SmoothViewPitch = ViewPitch;
		SmoothViewYaw = Rotation.Yaw;
        FootRot = Rotation.Yaw;
        FootTurning = false;
        FootStill = false;
    }
    else
    {
 		INT YawDiff = (Rotation.Yaw - SmoothViewYaw) & 65535;
		if ( YawDiff != 0 )
		{
			if ( YawDiff > 32768 )
				YawDiff -= 65536;
 
			INT Update = INT(YawDiff * 15.f * DeltaTime);
			if ( Abs(YawDiff) > 12000 )
			{
				if ( YawDiff > 12000 )
				{
					SmoothViewYaw = SmoothViewYaw + YawDiff - 12000;
					YawDiff = 12000;
				}
				else
				{
					SmoothViewYaw = SmoothViewYaw + YawDiff + 12000;
					YawDiff = -12000;
				}
			}
			if ( Update == 0 )
				Update = (YawDiff > 0) ? 1 : -1;
			SmoothViewYaw = (SmoothViewYaw + Update) & 65535;
		}
		INT t = (SmoothViewYaw - FootRot) & 65535;
        if (t > 32768) 
			t -= 65536;
 
        if ((Velocity.X * Velocity.X + Velocity.Y * Velocity.Y) < 1000 && Physics == PHYS_Walking)
        {
            if (!FootStill)
            {
                FootStill = true;
				SmoothViewYaw = Rotation.Yaw;
                FootRot = Rotation.Yaw;
				t = 0;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            if (FootStill)
            {
                FootStill = false;
                FootTurning = true;
            }
        }
 
        if (FootTurning)
        {
           if (t > 10000)
            {
                FootRot = SmoothViewYaw - 10000;
                t = 10000;
            }
            else if (t > 2048)
            {
                FootRot += 16384*DeltaTime;
            }
            else if (t < -10000)
            {
                FootRot = SmoothViewYaw + 10000;
                t = -10000;
            }
            else if (t < -2048)
            {
                FootRot -= 16384*DeltaTime;
            }
            else
            {
                if (!FootStill)
                    t = 0;
                FootTurning = false;
            }
            FootRot = FootRot & 65535;
        }
        else if (FootStill)
        {
            if (t > 10923)
            {
                TurnDir = 1;
                FootTurning = true;
            }
            else if (t < -10923)
            {
                TurnDir = -1;
                FootTurning = true;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            t = 0;
        }
		INT PitchDiff = (256*ViewPitch - SmoothViewPitch) & 65535;
		if ( PitchDiff != 0 )
		{
			if ( PitchDiff > 32768 )
				PitchDiff -= 65536;
 
			INT Update = INT(PitchDiff * 5.f * DeltaTime);
			if ( Update == 0 )
				Update = (PitchDiff > 0) ? 1 : -1;
			SmoothViewPitch = (SmoothViewPitch + Update) & 65535;
		}
		INT look = SmoothViewPitch;
        if (look > 32768) 
			look -= 65536;
        SetTwistLook(t, look);
    }
}

SetViewPitch[edit]

simulated native function SetViewPitch (int NewPitch)


Other native code[edit]

Team beacon drawing[edit]

void APawn::PostRender(FLevelSceneNode* SceneNode, FRenderInterface* RI)
{
	guard(APawn::PostRender);
 
	// Render team beacon
	if ( !SceneNode || !SceneNode->Viewport || !SceneNode->Viewport->Actor ) 
		return;
 
	if ( bScriptPostRender )
	{
		FVector camLoc = SceneNode->WorldToCamera.TransformFVector(Location + FVector(0.f,0.f,CollisionHeight));
		FPlane  screenLoc = SceneNode->Project(SceneNode->CameraToWorld.TransformFVector(camLoc));
		screenLoc.X = (SceneNode->Viewport->Canvas->ClipX * 0.5f * (screenLoc.X + 1.f));
		screenLoc.Y = (SceneNode->Viewport->Canvas->ClipY * 0.5f * (-screenLoc.Y + 1.f));
		eventPostRender2D(SceneNode->Viewport->Canvas,screenLoc.X, screenLoc.Y);
		return;
	}
 
	if ( bNoTeamBeacon 
		|| ((SceneNode->Viewport->Actor->ViewTarget == this) && (SceneNode->Viewport->Actor->Pawn == this))
		|| ((SceneNode->Viewport->Actor->ViewTarget == DrivenVehicle) && (SceneNode->Viewport->Actor->Pawn == DrivenVehicle)) )
	return;
 
	APlayerController* pc = SceneNode->Viewport->Actor;
	UBOOL bSpectating = pc->PlayerReplicationInfo ? (pc->PlayerReplicationInfo->bOnlySpectator && !pc->bHideSpectatorBeacons) : false;
 
	int playerTeamIndex   = -1;
 
	if ( !bSpectating )
	{
		if (pc->PlayerReplicationInfo && pc->PlayerReplicationInfo->Team)
			playerTeamIndex = pc->PlayerReplicationInfo->Team->TeamIndex;
 
		if (playerTeamIndex < 0 || playerTeamIndex > 1)
			return;
	}
	int teamIndex = -1;
 
	APlayerReplicationInfo *MyPRI = PlayerReplicationInfo;
	if ( !MyPRI && DrivenVehicle )
		MyPRI = DrivenVehicle->PlayerReplicationInfo;
	if (MyPRI && MyPRI->Team)
		teamIndex = MyPRI->Team->TeamIndex;
	else if ( DrivenVehicle )
		teamIndex = DrivenVehicle->Team;
 
	if ( teamIndex == -1 )
		return;
	if ( !bSpectating && (teamIndex != playerTeamIndex) )
		return;
	UTexture* teamBeacon = pc->TeamBeaconTexture;
 
	if ( !teamBeacon )
		return;
 
	FVector ActorScreenLoc = SceneNode->WorldToScreen.TransformFVector(Location);
	FLOAT actorDist = pc->FOVBias * ActorScreenLoc.Z;
	FLOAT ScaledDist = pc->TeamBeaconMaxDist * ::Clamp(0.04f * CollisionRadius,1.f,2.f);
 
	if ( actorDist < 0.f )
		return;
 
	if ( actorDist > ScaledDist )
	{
		if ( actorDist > 2.f * ScaledDist )
			return;
		ActorScreenLoc.Z = 0.f;
		if ( ActorScreenLoc.SizeSquared() > 0.02f * actorDist * actorDist )
			return;
	}
 
	if (!pc->LineOfSightTo(this))
		return;
 
	FPlane color = (teamIndex == 0) ? FPlane(1.f,0.25f,0.25f,1.f) : FPlane(0.25f,0.35f,1.f,1.f);
	if ( teamIndex > 1 )
		color = (teamIndex == 2) ? FPlane(0.f,1.f,0.25f,1.f) : FPlane(1.f,1.f,0.f,1.f);
	// look for matching attachment
	FLOAT   xscale = Clamp(0.28f * (ScaledDist - actorDist)/ScaledDist,0.1f, 0.25f);
 
	if ( !DrivenVehicle && !bSpectating && pc->LinkBeaconTexture )
	{
		for ( INT i=0; i<Attached.Num(); i++ )
		{
			AWeaponAttachment* AttachedWeapon = Cast<AWeaponAttachment>(Attached(i));
			if ( AttachedWeapon && AttachedWeapon->bMatchWeapons )
			{
				teamBeacon = pc->LinkBeaconTexture;
				color = AttachedWeapon->BeaconColor;
				break;
			}
		}
	}
	if ( pc->myHUD && pc->myHUD->PortraitPRI && (pc->myHUD->PortraitPRI ==PlayerReplicationInfo) && pc->SpeakingBeaconTexture )
	{
		teamBeacon = pc->SpeakingBeaconTexture;
		xscale *= 3.f;
	}
 
	FLOAT farAwayInv = 1.f/pc->TeamBeaconPlayerInfoMaxDist;
	FLOAT height = CollisionHeight * Clamp(0.85f + actorDist * 0.85f * farAwayInv, 1.1f, 1.75f);
	FVector camLoc = SceneNode->WorldToCamera.TransformFVector(Location+FVector(0.0f,0.0f,height));
 
	FPlane  screenLoc = SceneNode->Project(SceneNode->CameraToWorld.TransformFVector(camLoc));
 
	screenLoc.X = (SceneNode->Viewport->Canvas->ClipX * 0.5f * (screenLoc.X + 1.f)) - 0.5*teamBeacon->USize*xscale;
	screenLoc.Y = (SceneNode->Viewport->Canvas->ClipY * 0.5f * (-screenLoc.Y + 1.f)) - 0.5*teamBeacon->VSize*xscale;
	SceneNode->Viewport->Canvas->Style = STY_AlphaZ;
 
	SceneNode->Viewport->Canvas->DrawTile(
		teamBeacon,
		screenLoc.X, 
		screenLoc.Y, 
		teamBeacon->USize*xscale,
		teamBeacon->VSize*xscale,
		0.f, 
		0.f, 
		teamBeacon->USize, 
		teamBeacon->VSize,
		0.f,
		color,
		FPlane(0.0f,0.0f,0.0f,0.0f));
 
	if ( !GIsPixomatic && (actorDist < pc->TeamBeaconPlayerInfoMaxDist) && (SceneNode->Viewport->Canvas->ClipX > 600) )
	{
		FLOAT xL, yL;
		FString info;
		if ( MyPRI )
		{
			if ( MyPRI->bBot )
				info +=(MyPRI->eventGetNameCallSign());
			else
				info +=(MyPRI->PlayerName);
		}
		info += TEXT(" (");
		info += appItoa(Health);
		info += TEXT(")");
		SceneNode->Viewport->Canvas->ClippedStrLen(
			SceneNode->Viewport->Canvas->SmallFont,
			1.f, 1.f, xL, yL, *info);
 
		INT index = pc->PlayerNameArray.AddZeroed();
		pc->PlayerNameArray(index).mInfo  = info;
		pc->PlayerNameArray(index).mColor = color;
		pc->PlayerNameArray(index).mXPos  = screenLoc.X;
		pc->PlayerNameArray(index).mYPos  = screenLoc.Y - yL;
	}
	unguard;
}

Movement animations[edit]

void APawn::UpdateMovementAnimation( FLOAT DeltaSeconds )
{
	guard(APawn::UpdateMovementAnimation);
 
	if ( Level->NetMode == NM_DedicatedServer )
		return;
 
	if( bPlayedDeath )
		return;
 
	if (Level->TimeSeconds - LastRenderTime > 1.0)
	{
		FootRot = Rotation.Yaw;
		FootTurning = false;
		FootStill = false;
		return;
	}
 
	Mesh->MeshGetInstance(this);
	if (MeshInstance == NULL)
		return;
 
	BaseEyeHeight = ((APawn *)(GetClass()->GetDefaultActor()))->BaseEyeHeight;
 
	if ( bIsIdle && Physics != OldPhysics )
	{
		bWaitForAnim = false;
	}
 
	if ( !bWaitForAnim )
	{
		if ( Physics == PHYS_Swimming )
		{
			BaseEyeHeight *= 0.7f;
			UpdateSwimming();
		}
		else if ( Physics == PHYS_Falling || Physics == PHYS_Flying )
		{
			BaseEyeHeight *= 0.7f;
			UpdateInAir();
		}
		else if ( Physics == PHYS_Walking || Physics == PHYS_Ladder || Physics == PHYS_Spider )
		{
			UpdateOnGround();
		}
	}
	else if ( !IsAnimating(0) )
		bWaitForAnim = false;
 
	if ( Physics != PHYS_Walking )
		bIsIdle = false;
 
	OldPhysics = Physics;
	OldVelocity = Velocity;
 
	if (bDoTorsoTwist)
		UpdateTwistLook( DeltaSeconds );
 
	unguard;
}
 
void APawn::UpdateSwimming( void )
{
	if ( (Velocity.X*Velocity.X + Velocity.Y*Velocity.Y) < 2500.0f )
		PlayAnim(0, IdleSwimAnim, 1.0f, 0.1f, true);
	else
		PlayAnim(0, SwimAnims[Get4WayDirection()], 1.0f, 0.1f, true);
}
 
void APawn::UpdateInAir( void )
{
	FName NewAnim;
	bool bUp, bDodge;
	float DodgeSpeedThresh;
	int Dir;
	float XYVelocitySquared;
 
	XYVelocitySquared = (Velocity.X*Velocity.X)+(Velocity.Y*Velocity.Y);
 
	bDodge = false;
	if ( OldPhysics == PHYS_Walking )
	{
		DodgeSpeedThresh = ((GroundSpeed*DodgeSpeedFactor) + GroundSpeed) * 0.5f;
		if ( XYVelocitySquared > DodgeSpeedThresh*DodgeSpeedThresh )
		{
			bDodge = true;
		}
	}
 
	bUp = (Velocity.Z >= 0.0f);
 
	if (XYVelocitySquared >= 20000.0f)
	{
		Dir = Get4WayDirection();
 
		if (bDodge)
		{
			NewAnim = DodgeAnims[Dir];
			bWaitForAnim = true;
		}
		else if (bUp)
		{
			NewAnim = TakeoffAnims[Dir];
		}
		else
		{
			NewAnim = AirAnims[Dir];
		}
	}
	else
	{
		if (bUp)
		{
			NewAnim = TakeoffStillAnim;
		}
		else
		{
			NewAnim = AirStillAnim;
		}
	}
 
	if ( NewAnim != MeshInstance->GetActiveAnimSequence(0) )
	{
		if ( PhysicsVolume->Gravity.Z > 0.8f * (Cast<APhysicsVolume>(PhysicsVolume->GetClass()->GetDefaultActor()))->Gravity.Z )
			PlayAnim(0, NewAnim, 0.5f, 0.2f, false);
		else
			PlayAnim(0, NewAnim, 1.0f, 0.1f, false);
	}
}
 
void APawn::UpdateOnGround( void )
{
	// just landed
	if ( OldPhysics == PHYS_Falling || OldPhysics == PHYS_Flying )
	{
		PlayLand();
	}
	// standing still
	else if ( Velocity.SizeSquared() < 2500.0f /*&& Acceleration.SizeSquared() < 0.01f*/ )
	{
		if (!bIsIdle || FootTurning || bIsCrouched != bWasCrouched)
		{
			IdleTime = Level->TimeSeconds;
			PlayIdle();
		}
		bWasCrouched = bIsCrouched;
		bIsIdle = true;
	}
	// running
	else
	{
		if ( bIsIdle  )
			bWaitForAnim = false;
 
		PlayRunning();
		bIsIdle = false;
	}
}
 
void APawn::PlayIdle( void )
{
	if (FootTurning)
	{
		if (TurnDir == 1)
		{
			if (bIsCrouched)
				PlayAnim(0, CrouchTurnRightAnim, 1.0f, 0.1f, true);
			else
				PlayAnim(0, TurnRightAnim, 1.0f, 0.1f, true);
		}
		else
		{
			if (bIsCrouched)
				PlayAnim(0, CrouchTurnLeftAnim, 1.0f, 0.1f, true);
			else
				PlayAnim(0, TurnLeftAnim, 1.0f, 0.1f, true);
		}
	}
	else
	{
		if (bIsCrouched)
		{
			PlayAnim(0, IdleCrouchAnim, 1.0f, 0.1f, true);
		}
		else
		{
			if ( bIsTyping )
				PlayAnim(0, IdleChatAnim, 1.0f, 0.2f, true);
			else if (Level->TimeSeconds - IdleTime < 5.0f && IdleWeaponAnim != NAME_None)
			{
				PlayAnim(0, IdleWeaponAnim, 1.0f, 0.25f, true);
			}
			else
			{
				PlayAnim(0, IdleRestAnim, 1.0f, 0.25f, true);
			}
		}
	}
}
 
void APawn::PlayRunning( void )
{
	FName NewAnim;
	int NewAnimDir;
	float AnimSpeed;
 
	NewAnimDir = Get4WayDirection();
 
	AnimSpeed = 1.1f * ((APawn *)(GetClass()->GetDefaultActor()))->GroundSpeed;
	if (bIsCrouched)
	{
		NewAnim = CrouchAnims[NewAnimDir];
		AnimSpeed *= CrouchedPct;
	}
	else if (bIsWalking)
	{
		NewAnim = WalkAnims[NewAnimDir];
		AnimSpeed *= WalkingPct;
	}
	else
	{
		NewAnim = MovementAnims[NewAnimDir];
	}
 
	PlayAnim(0, NewAnim, Velocity.Size() / AnimSpeed, 0.1f, true);
	OldAnimDir = NewAnimDir;
}
 
void APawn::PlayLand( void )
{
	if (!bIsCrouched)
	{
		PlayAnim(0, LandAnims[Get4WayDirection()], 1.0f, 0.1f, false);
		bWaitForAnim = true;
	}
}

Events[edit]

See Pawn events.

Other instance functions[edit]

See Pawn instance functions.

States[edit]

Dying[edit]

Ignores: BreathTimer, Bump, Falling, HeadVolumeChange, HitWall, PhysicsVolumeChange, Trigger

Dying.AnimEnd[edit]

event AnimEnd (int Channel)

Overrides: AnimEnd (global)


Dying.BaseChange[edit]

singular event BaseChange ()

Overrides: BaseChange (global)


Dying.BeginState[edit]

event BeginState ()

Overrides: Object.BeginState (global)


Dying.ChangeAnimation[edit]

event ChangeAnimation ()

Overrides: ChangeAnimation (global)


Dying.FellOutOfWorld[edit]

event FellOutOfWorld (Actor.eKillZType KillType)

Overrides: FellOutOfWorld (global)


Dying.Landed[edit]

event Landed (Object.Vector HitNormal)

Overrides: Landed (global)


Dying.StopPlayFiring[edit]

event StopPlayFiring ()

Overrides: StopPlayFiring (global)


Dying.TakeDamage[edit]

event TakeDamage (int Damage, Pawn instigatedBy, Object.Vector hitlocation, Object.Vector momentum, class<DamageTypedamageType)

Overrides: TakeDamage (global)


Dying.Timer[edit]

event Timer ()

Overrides: Actor.Timer (global)


Dying.Died[edit]

function Died (Controller Killer, class<DamageTypedamageType, Object.Vector HitLocation)

Overrides: Died (global)


Dying.LandThump[edit]

function LandThump ()


Dying.LieStill[edit]

function LieStill ()


Dying.PlayFiring[edit]

function PlayFiring (float Rate, name FiringMode)

Overrides: PlayFiring (global)


Dying.PlayNextAnimation[edit]

simulated function PlayNextAnimation ()


Dying.PlayTakeHit[edit]

function PlayTakeHit (Object.Vector HitLoc, int Damage, class<DamageTypedamageType)

Overrides: PlayTakeHit (global)


Dying.PlayWeaponSwitch[edit]

function PlayWeaponSwitch (Weapon NewWeapon)

Overrides: PlayWeaponSwitch (global)


Dying.ReduceCylinder[edit]

function ReduceCylinder ()